For thousands of years, the Himalayan Mountains have been able to drag the attention of people from the whole world; especially the Eastern Himalayan mountain range, hills and foothills region, which is a hotspot from the aspect of scenic beauty and biodiversity. Every year, eastern part of Himalayas welcomes thousands of visitors from across the whole world. Tourists, researchers, photographers, adventurers, students –all type of tourists love to visit this region again and again.
Land around East Himalayas
The span of Eastern Himalayas is from Kaligandaki River of Nepal in the west to Myanmar in the east through Tibet, Sikkim, Darjeeling in West Bengal, Bhutan, and Northeast India. The whole range counts several gigantic mountain peaks, some are enlisted among the highest ones in the world. Other than that, glaciers, lakes, grasslands, hot-springs, forest, wildlife, historical locations, forts, dzongs, monasteries, temples, ruins of palaces, undulating hills, rivers, wide valleys –everything about Himalaya’s east part is full of magnetic attractions.
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From the aspect of the parts of Eastern Himalayas through different countries or regions, the whole range has been divided in various parts. Starting from the far east, the Nepal Himalaya covers the central, eastern and southern parts of Nepal. Then it stretches to the western most as Darjeeling Himalaya, Sikkim Himalaya, Bhutan Himalaya and Arunachal Himalaya.
The higher range of the East Himalayas holds some almighty peaks that haunt the mountaineers to climb on them. Besides, people around it have always worshipped these mountains from religious point of view. Among such peaks, there are the mightiest one in the world, Mt Everest and the third highest peak Mt Kanchenjunga, along with Gangkhar Phuensum, Manaslu, Dhaulagiri, Nanda Devi, Trisul, Kangto, Namcha Barwa, Annapurna I and II, Makalu and such many higher and middle elevated mountains of the Himalayas.
Glaciers & Lakes
Needless to say, the entire Himalayan Mountain range is home a huge number of glaciers, although recent study states that while the glaciers in the west are flowing in full form, the eastern ones are dying. But these glaciers of the east hold some renowned glaciers in it, such as Annapurna, Zemu, Lunana, Rathong etc. Along with that, the region also executes some high altitude lakes in the lap of mountains. The famous ones are Tsomgo Lake, Gurudongmar Lake, Sela Lake, Senchal Lake, Sumendu Lake, Pangong Tso etc.
Such a range with this huge number of glaciers and lakes must be the source of great rivers. This eastern part of Himalayan region mostly falls under the Brahmaputra basin, while some part of it is under Ganges basin. These rivers are obviously glacier fed and receives water throughout the year. During flood, the sediment and lots of organic matter mixed with the river-water, fertile the land. Some of these rivers are Kali, Gandak, Kosi, Teesta, Torsa, Rangeet, Raidak, Manas etc.
Flora & Fauna
The east part of the Himalayas is a harbour of amazing biodiversity. In this wide land with numerous animal species, 163 species are globally threatened. Among them, the prime ones are Asian elephant, greater one-horned rhinos and water-buffalo –Asia’s largest three herbivores and tiger –Asia’s largest carnivore. Along with that, snow leopard, red panda, clouded leopard, golden langur, takin etc are also listed in endangered animals. Almost 10 thousand trees and plants are found here, along with 300 species of mammals, 977 of birds, 176 of reptiles, 105 amphibians and 269 freshwater fishes.
Winter and summer are commonly prominent in the entire Himalayan region. During summer, the weather is very pleasant with average 15°C temperatures. This is time when Himalayas is perfect for a holiday trip. In the winter, the weather becomes too cold with icy temperature and most of the places receive maximum snow.
People, Culture & Food
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The dominant religions in this region are Buddhism and Hinduism, along with Islam and Christianity etc. Other than that, east part of Himalayas and surrounding area contains numerous tribes of large variety. Some of the tribes have some cultural similarity, but there are clear differences seen among all the tribal cultures. These similarities and dissimilarities can also be observed on their foods, dresses, languages, lifestyle, festival etc.
Well, it is very obvious that such a region must have thousands of exotic and serene places worth visit for. Tourists and travellers of the whole world have already discovered several sites that you can go for some sightseeing or adventure trip. But there are still many locations hidden in the jungles, valleys, mountains of the Eastern Himalayas that can woo you while found and stun the world with their beauty. Other than thrilling sports and leisure trips, the tourist locations in Darjeeling, Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal etc are ideal for trips on education, honeymoon and research purposes.
Undoubtedly, the elevated lands of Eastern Himalayas with jungle, rivers, valleys, hills, mountains, lakes etc. offer spine-chilling adventure sports like white water river rafting, paragliding, trekking, hiking, mountain biking, bungee jumping, mountaineering, kayaking, canoeing, motor-bike ride, rock-climbing and such exciting activities which are both dangerous and enjoyable. Adventure mongers from all over the globe visits this zone of Himalayas every year to attend each and every of these activities.